Observations of celestial bodies continue to be made from earth. These observations were made by astronomers and other experts in the field of observing celestial bodies. This observation is not only done simply but involves many people and uses advanced technology. In the past, astronomers only used telescopes as binoculars to observe celestial bodies. Even today, telescopes are still used, but the existing technology makes telescopes come with much better capabilities. Giant telescopes began to be widely found and used. The telescopes used by experts are usually very large and therefore placed in a location called the observatory where there is technology, support tools, and experts who make these observations. In Indonesia, the famous observatory is in the Lembang area, West Java.
However, telescopes that are in the observation of space objects are not limited to those on the earth’s surface. Space observations and research are also helped by the presence of telescopes placed in space, and Hubble is one of the first and largest space telescopes in existence. Even now, this is also supported by the presence of satellites and the presence of the Space Station or commonly known as the ISS. This is the result of cooperation from various countries which then build a place like research in outer space and this includes an object like a large satellite with a variety of technologies in it. With all this, space observations have become very developed, including also for the observation of meteor showers.
Meteor showers are usually associated with comets. A comet is a very large celestial body and has its own orbit. These celestial bodies that cause meteor showers, and they all come from dust or debris from comets that rub against the earth’s atmosphere and then cause splashes. So far, there have been several comets that can be observed and then studied so that the orbit and time of the comet’s encounter with the earth can be predicted. Therefore, it is now possible to predict when a meteor shower will occur. One of them is the Perseid meteor shower. This is caused by meteor debris from the comet Swift Turtle in the constellation Perseus. That’s why then the meteor shower that occurs is called the Perseid. This usually occurs between July and August and the time is relatively always the same because the orbit of this comet is also stable.
Then there is the Lyrid meteor shower. This is a phenomenon caused by a comet in the constellation Lyra. That is the origin of the name Lyrid meteor shower. This meteor shower will usually occur at the end of April, and therefore this phenomenon is commonly called April Lyrid. The orbit of the comet named Thatcher has existed since 2600 years ago, so this is indeed the oldest meteor shower that has occurred and is still happening today. Another meteor shower is the Orionid meteor shower. This is caused by Halley’s comet which will cross the earth every 76 years and its meteor shower will be found in October.
Those are some things about meteor showers that occur and are seen on the earth’s surface. However, seeing a meteor shower can’t always be seen from all over the place. Just as a telescope and observatory must be placed in a place where the sky can be seen very clearly and there is not too much light, meteor showers will be optimally seen in areas with very low light levels, such as in mountainous areas or highlands in the mountains. which is not too much light pollution from existing lights and buildings.