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Lapan is one of the Indonesian non-ministerial institutions that has a special mission in the space sector. Usually this Lapan plays an important role in carrying out the task of performing remote sensing using special tools.
The presence of LAPAN or the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space has been established for a long time. It’s no wonder that LAPAN is often relied on to see various events. For example, such as the event of a meteor falling. Here are some explanations about LAPAN below:

General description
The first time LAPAN or the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space was established 57 years ago to be precise on November 27, 1963. LAPAN also has a legal basis, namely Law No. 21 of 2013 concerning Space Affairs Presidential Decree No. 49 of 2015.
In addition, LAPAN also has a special slogan, namely LAPAN excels advanced Indonesia, LAPAN serves independent Indonesia. LAPAN is an institution under the auspices of the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education.

History
It was first formed on May 31, 1962 at the direction of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno. Finally, the Austronautical Committee was formed by Prime Minister Ir. H. Juanda as Chairman of the Indonesian Aviation Council.
Then assisted by R. J. Salatun who acted as Secretary of the Indonesian Aviation Council. Then on September 22, 1962, the Early Scientific and Military Rocket Project, called PRIMA, was formed.

For the first time the project created by PRIMA was successfully launched using two Kartika I series rockets in 1964. Then on November 27, 1963 it was finally formed into the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space or LAPAN.
This is of course made based on Presidential Decree (Keppres) number 236 of 1963 concerning LAPAN. Especially to institutionalize the implementation of development programs in the national aerospace sector.

One LAPAN Service
In addition to history and general description, LAPAN also provides various disaster services. Starting from the difficulty of fire control, the potential level of ease of starting a fire. Then there are also drought and smoke potential services, fire weather index, and rainfall drought.

Furthermore, there are services for the greenness of vegetation, Indonesia’s standardized precipitation index, information services for hotspots, and services for potential floods. This is followed by disaster emergency response services, and volcanic services.

LAPAN Cooperation
LAPAN as an Indonesian non-ministerial institution also cooperates in various parties. In the Central Government, there is the Department of Cooperatives and Small Business Development and the Department of Mining and Energy.
Then followed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. Then there is the Ministry of Forestry, the Ministry of National Education, the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry for the Acceleration of Development in Eastern Indonesia.

In addition, LAPAN also cooperates with the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Public Works, the Ministry of Defense, and the Ministry of Industry. Then followed by the State Ministry of Environment, BMKG, BPPT, BPKP, BPS, LIPI, BPK RI, BRKP, Bakorkamla.

In addition, there are also BATAN, Musi Watershed Management Center, Navy, Air Force, TNI AD, Indonesian Police and BIG. Meanwhile, LAPAN also cooperates with SOEs such as PT DI, PT Dahana, PT Pindad, PT Krakatau Steel and various other parties.

Seeing the explanation above, of course, you will know who LAPAN is. Now you know, right? How important is the presence of the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space? Hopefully this article can be useful for readers.